According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), about 35 million Americans (10.5% of the population) have diabetes. Diabetes is characterized by high levels of blood sugar (also referred to as blood glucose). The circulating blood glucose in your body comes primarily from the foods you eat. Once we ingest a certain food, a cascade of hormones is activated inside of our body so that our blood sugar levels are at a constant state – not too high, and not too low. If, for example, we are eating a meal high in sugar like ice cream, our blood glucose level will rise, activating the release of insulin, a hormone created in the pancreas that works to decrease blood sugar levels. Insulin causes the cells in your body to absorb the blood sugar from the circulating blood and use it as fuel to power other energy-consuming processes, like exercising, metabolism, and vision. In diabetes, the underlying problem is that insulin does not work properly – it is unable to maintain a stable amount or level of blood glucose in the body. The sugar becomes trapped in our bloodstream and is unable to enter our cells. Thus, our cells are not able to absorb the sugar from the meal we eat, meaning that there is no fuel to provide energy for daily functions, causing a vicious cycle of prolonged elevated blood glucose levels.